Kherson Travel Guide
Kherson is picturesque city, located on the Dnieper River. The unique surrounding of the city is the main reason for tourists to visit it. This place is an ideal starting point for the Askania-Nova reserve, as well as several others less spectacular but closer places of interest.
How To Get To Kherson
Kherson lies on the main railroad between Kiev (12 hours) and Simferopol (7 hours), in addition, to the capital of the country from here you can get there by bus in 12 hours. Private minibuses depart every half hour from Kherson to Nikolaev (1 hour 15 minutes) and every hour to Odessa (2.5 hours) to 8 pm. Trains and intercity buses to Odessa also ply, but they take much more time en route.
The railway station is on Ushakov Ave., which can be reached by bus or trolleybus from the city center. In addition, the city has its own airport, which accepts flights from the capital and other cities of the country.
The climate of the territory is moderately continental, with hot dry summers and mild winters. These latitudes are characterized by a long frost-free period, which can last up to 7 months. Flat terrain promotes the rapid spread of both cold and warm air masses. April and May are the ideal months to visit. In the summer it becomes hot, but it should not frighten, since the shadow of the dendro-park will cover from the sun's rays.
There are no problems with hotels. There are a lot of different hotels and apartments in Kherson.
• Bordo Business House;
• Evro Lux V.I.P.;
• Gostiniy Dvor Non-Stop;
• Dnepr Hotel.
Kherson Tourist Attractions
The main attraction of the city is the picturesque remains of the ramparts and the gates of the fortress of the 18th century, as well as the cozy historical. Special attention should be paid to the building of the Black Sea Hospital (1803-1810), which was built by the famous architect Andrei Zakharov. The Admiralty arsenal also attracts tourist’s attention. It was built in the late 18th century, as well as the nearby "Kazeny Park" - the park of the regional lyceum, founded in 1868.
Kherson TV tower and Adzhigol wire mesh steel built by Shukhov in 1910 (this unique hyperboloid design reaches a height of 70 meters) can be considered as a relatively modern monuments. Kherson also boasts a couple of noteworthy museums, for example, Literary Kherson - museum-apartment of famous writer. Children, as a rule, like to spend time in the natural-ecological museum. Also you can enjoy the Kherson regional museum of local lore or the Art Museum.
Temples of Kherson. In the city there are a lot of monuments of religious architecture, for example, the charming Spassky Cathedral (1781) with the bell tower, the Chabad synagogue of the late 19th century, the Church of St. Alexandra and the ancient Greco-Sophia Cathedral in 1780. If there is an extra hour and a half, take a walk to the Holy Assumption, St. Catherine's and Svyatodukhivsky Cathedral with the bell tower of 1836. Finally, look at one of the oldest churches in the city - Nikolayevskaya (1819).
Neighborhoods of Kherson: Zmievka, Herousk and Askania-Nova
But, as already mentioned, the main remarkable places of Kherson lie outside the city. One of them is the Swedish village of Zmievka, which was founded in the late 18th century by Catherine the Great. Zmiyevka is a unique corner of Sweden in Ukraine, an original architecture of the northern country against the background of the Little Russian nature.
Another interesting trip from Kherson is a 50-minute walk by ferry to the south to Gola-Pristan - the last significant city on the Dnieper. From there the road to the west leads along the picturesque "bird's corner" - the Black Sea Biosphere Reserve - to the city of Herouska. This ancient Cossack settlement is remarkable not only for its history, but also for its architecture, nature, and original way of life. You can get from the port to Heroisk by bicycle, but you can get inside only with a excursion, which can be booked in advance at one of the city's tour offices.
The tour to Askania-Nova is one of the most popular destinations in Ukraine. Askania Nova occupies a special place among the many reserves of the planet and is considered one of the largest European protected areas. The composition of the biosphere reserve includes the feather-grass fescue steppe, as well as dendrological and zoological parks. In 1919, Askania-Nova was declared a national park, and soon after that it was granted the status of a state steppe reserve. The reserve has become not only the center of ecological and educational work in the region, but also one of the most popular places for eco-tourism in Ukraine - about 60 thousand tourists come here every year. Read also Travelling To Mariupol: Tourist Guide.
Talking about Kherson women it’s important to point out that they prefer naturalness. Unfortunately, none of the men surveyed could really explain what he meant by naturalness. That is why these ladies try to avoid:
• Too long, bright manicure. The girl must watch her fingernails, but at the same time, the manicure should be natural. It is not recommended to choose nail polish of too bright colors.
• Cosmetics. In general, women do not mind cosmetics, but they say that the rule is that "the less, the better." Too much cosmetics, produces a negative effect on the male sex.
• Too sharp or sugary smell. Perfume should also be used wisely. The majority spoke out against too harsh, and sugary-sugary aromas.
The first settlements are known since the late Paleolithic. The populations of the pores of Mesolithic, copper and bronze are investigated. In the 8th-7th century BC. Kherson steppes came into the possession of the Scythian state with a center in the Kamensky hill fort. In the 2nd c. BC, the Black Sea region was inhabited by Sarmatians and early Slavic tribes of Zarubynets culture. In the 2-4 century there are settlements of the Slavs of the Chernyakhov culture. In the 10th-13th century, the land of modern city was part of Kievan Rus.
Since the 13th century, the Lower Dnieper Basin fell under the power of the Mongol - Tatar conquerors, and from the 15th - in Turkey. After the formation of the Zaporozhye Sich in the 16th century, the land was inhabited and the Cossacks, who carried out numerous campaigns against the Turks and Tatars, were settling in. In the 17th century, the battles of the Zaporozhians with the invaders were led by the atamans I.Sirko, M.Khanenko, Colonel S.Paliy. In 1775 the Russian queen Catherine II destroyed the Sich. In 1803 the Kherson province was formed. In the 19th century, Kherson is being mastered by Ukrainians and German immigrants.